Data Collection Methodology Assignment

Data Collection Methodology Assignment

The purpose of this assignment is to develop your understanding of how the process portion of a research proposal is constructed. In this assignment you will focus on the following elements: study setting, sampling, and data collection. For the study setting, a description of where the study will take place. This description will need to be very specific. The sampling and data collection sections should be congruent with the research design that was chosen and explained in the research design section.

Instructions

1. This paper includes

a. Study setting

b. Sampling processes and procedures

c. Data collection

2. Write a 3 – 5-page paper, excluding the title and reference pages,

3. Current APA format.

4. Include a minimum of 2 – 3 scholarly references (excluding the textbook and Bible).

Study Setting

Describe where the study will take place, i. e., institution, geographical location, population, etc. For example, if your study setting is a unit in the hospital, you would briefly describe the institution, patient population, acuity level, and so on. Avoid use of proper names when discussing setting or specific information that would allow identification of the identity of participants.

Sample and Sampling Procedure

Describe what kind of sample will be obtained with the sampling procedure. How will you obtain subjects including how you plan to access subjects, the projected number of participants needed for the study and the sample type (convenience, cluster probability etc.). Do you need a power analysis? Inclusion/exclusion criteria must be addressed as well. What criteria subjects must meet to be included in the study. For example, should the participants be nurses with 2 years or less experience between the ages of 22 – 30, or those patients who have had coronary bypass surgery in the ICU? The exclusion criteria would be nurses who did not fit those parameters or patients in the ICU who did not have coronary bypass surgery. You determine the inclusion/exclusion criteria for your study based on the research question and design.

For a qualitative study, describe how you will recruit participants. For example, will you use snowball technique, or focus groups?

Data Collection

The data you propose to collect is the information you need to answer your research question or to test/support your research hypothesis. Provide a description of the type of measurement data you will be using.

The variables in the study need to be measured. The type of measure is determined in part by the type of study (qualitative vs quantitative) How you will measure your variables? Are you proposing to study depression in children? There are a few scales or measures of depression such as the Beck Depression Inventory. This is a quantitative measure. If you use a scale or questionnaire include a copy in the appendix if possible. Some scales require purchase. You are not required to purchase a scale. You will need to provide the link for the scale in the paper. You could also develop your own scale. If so, this would need to be included in the appendix. However, for most research proposals for this class, measures that is already developed and testes is usually best. The last issue related to measurement is reliability and validity. Are these addressed with the scale you are using?

You would not have a questionnaire or scale in a qualitative study. But you must describe how you will be collecting data. Will this be done in focus groups, one to one interviews or observation. This will need to be explicit. You will not identify variables in a qualitative study.

How will you collect the data? Discuss methods and your procedures for collecting data. For example, if you plan to send out a mailed questionnaire, will you include a self-addressed stamped envelope? How much time will you allow subjects to respond? If you are using patients what is the procedure for collecting data from them? This is especially true if you are using biological measures such as blood pressure, weights, lab information (blood sugar, A1C,) etc.

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