Histoplasmosis Powerpoint Presentation

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    Histoplasmosis Powerpoint Presentation

    Histoplasmosis Powerpoint Presentation Histoplasmosis-Epidemiology The disease is caused by Histoplasma capsulatum. The disease is widely spread in Latin America, Puerto Rico, and in Midwest U.S. It’s pandemic among HIV-infected persons in endemic regions. In non pandemic regions, it’s seen in people who were earlier inhabitants of endemic regions (Staffolani et al., 2018). Acquired by breathing infected air. It should be mentioned that risks of getting the diseases include: disturbing birds, exploring caves, working with contaminated soil, and living in areas inhabited with bat. Histoplasmosis-Signs & Symptoms People with infected disease exhibits: Fever Weight loss Fatigue Majority experience chest pain and cough Headache and altered mental status is a common manifestation. Study shows that isolated pulmonary disease is common in patients with more than 300 CD4 count. Patients also

    Histoplasmosis Powerpoint Presentation

    Histoplasmosis-Epidemiology

    • The disease is caused by Histoplasma capsulatum.
    • The disease is widely spread in Latin America, Puerto Rico, and in Midwest U.S.
    • It’s pandemic among HIV-infected persons in endemic regions.
    • In non pandemic regions, it’s seen in people who were earlier inhabitants of endemic regions (Staffolani et al., 2018).
    • Acquired by breathing infected air.
    It should be mentioned that risks of getting the diseases include: disturbing birds, exploring caves, working with contaminated soil, and living in areas inhabited with bat.
    Histoplasmosis-Signs & Symptoms

    • People with infected disease exhibits:

    Fever
    Weight loss
    Fatigue
    Majority experience chest pain and cough

    • Headache and altered mental status is a common manifestation.
    • Study shows that isolated pulmonary disease is common in patients with more than 300 CD4 count.
    • Patients also diarrhea and experience abdominal pain.
    Disseminated disease is common in patients with low CD4 counts.
    *
    Histoplasmosis-Alteration of Tissues.
    Chest
    X-ray & CT Scan
    Images courtesy of AIDS image Library (www.aids-images.ch)
    Histoplasmosis-Clinical Manifestation (2)
    Images courtesy of AIDS image Library (www.aids-images.ch)
    Skin lesions of histoplasmosis
    Pathophysiological Alterations.
    Diagnosis.

    • Histoplasma antigen detected in:

    Serum
    Urine
    Culture from: Blood, bone marrow and in some cases respiratory secretions.
    Serologic tests are appropriate to patient with higher CD4 count.
    Serologic tests are not advised for patients with disseminated disease or in AIDS.

    Antigen tests provides up to 70% accuracy.
    Presumptive diagnosis is considered for patients with disseminated disease as well as those with CNS infection.
    *
    Intervention.

    • The first prevention should be to avoid exposure.

    In pandemic regions, it may be impossible to avoid exposure entirely.

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