Philosophy Homework Help

Paper for PHIL 1500
A paper of roughly eight pages (word-processed, double-spaced) will be adequate, but anything up to ten pages is fine. The choice of philosophical topic is yours. However, you are required to write on some text within the Rosen/Byrne/Cohen/Harman/
Shriffrin anthology (henceforth RBCHS) that we did not read as a class (which means that there is much to choose from). You might choose to compare the discussion in the work that you choose with a similar discussion in some text that was read by the class over the course of the semester.

Suggested articles that you might respond to in your paper
1. Epistemology
a. George Bishop Berkeley (pronounced BARK-lee) (1685–1753) is associated with so-called Berkeleyan idealism, the perhaps surprising doctrine according to which ideas in the mind (appearances or sensations) exhaust existence—that is, nothing but these ideas exist, in particular, physical objects do not. See selections from his Dialogues between Hylas and Phylonous in Rosen et al. 417–428.
b. A view perhaps similar to that of Berkeley is presented by Buddhist monk Vasubandhu (c. 450 C.E.). See Rosen et al. 430–439, where claims, grounds, and argument are marshalled somewhat in the manner of Toulmin.
c. Nick Bostrom, “Are We Living in a Computer Simulation?”, Rosen et al. 443–451. This celebrated Swedish philosopher argues for a disjunctive claim: briefly, either (1) the vast majority of advanced human-like civilizations never become all that advanced, either technologically or inquisitively, or (2) it is all but certain that you are presently “living” in a computer simulation (a virtual reality) designed by some AI team belonging to such a civilization. (If (2) holds, then you are not in fact living, it seems.)
2. Metaphysics
a. Susan Wolf, “Sanity and the Metaphysics of Responsibility”, RBCHS 445–656
b. Nomy Arpaly, “Why Moral Ignorance Is No Excuse”, RBCHS 658–653
3. Moral Philosophy
a. Peter Singer, “Famine, Affluence, and Morality”, RBCHS 678–684
b. Onora O’Neill, “The Moral Perplexities of Famine and World Hunger”, RBCHS 685–695
c. Judith Jarvis Thomson’s paper “A Defense of Abortion”, RBCHS 696–704
d. Elizabeth Harman, “The Moral Significance of Animal Pain and Animal Death,” RBCHS 714–721
e. Cora Diamond, “Eating Meat and Eating People”, RBCHS 723–729
4. Philosophy of Religion
a. Robert White, “The Argument from Cosmological Fine-Tuning”, RBCHS 29–35
b. Alvin Plantinga, “When Is Faith Rational?”, RBCHS 107–117
5. Political Philosophy
a. Harry Frankfurt, “Equality As a Moral Ideal”, RBCHS 1136–1143
b. Martha Nussbaum, “Political Equality”, RBCHS 1146–1154
6. Any of the articles in the section entitled “What Is the Meaning of Life”, RBCHS 973–1020
7. The articles listed on page xix in Rosen et al. were written specially for this anthology and are hence likely to be most understandable. We read that of Hursthouse, which is hence not permissible as the topic of the paper. However, this leaves many others.
8. Students wishing to write on non-Western philosophy may write on any one of the papers of Baruch’s Professor H. Sarkissian, whose specialty is philosophy in the Buddhist and Confucian traditions. The instructor’s especially recommends his “Minor Tweaks, Major Payoffs: The Problems and Promise of Situationism in Moral Philosophy,” Philosopher’s Imprint 10(9) 1–15 (available on-line), which concerns Confucian ethics.
Suggestions for writing a good paper
1. You should not include any biographical information concerning the author(s) of the reading(s) that you choose to write about unless this is of intrinsic philosophical interest. Submissions whose first pages comprise such information will be graded accordingly.
2. There must be ample evidence that you yourself have read the reading(s) you have chosen. If your paper consists of little more than biographical information and general philosophical remarks, from Internet sources, that are not keyed to passages within the chosen readings, then your grade for the paper will suffer.
3. On your first read-through of the selection you have chosen, you might have in mind the following questions:
(a) At whom is the author’s article directed? Whose is the author’s intended audience? Typically, that audience will turn out to be other philosophers or students of philosophers? Does the author seem to have in mind philosophers inclined to a certain philosophical doctrine? Or are the author’s words merely directed at those who have asked themselves certain philosophical questions without having arrived at any particular conclusions? (Write up answers to these questions; they might serve as the basis for a first draft.)
(b) What is the author’s topic? To what area of philosophy does that topic belong?
(c) What is the author’s claim with respect to his chosen topic? Does the author present an argument for his claim? What are the grounds for the claim? Is the author’s argument convincing? If not, can you see a way to improve the author’s argument so as to make it more convincing? In general, you might try to apply Toulmin’s Six-Point Method of Argument Analysis here, identifying in writing how each of Toulmin’s six points is applicable. For example, are there philosophical objections that the author is recognizing in advance and attempting to rebut?
(d) Does your author’s introduce technical terms? If so, give some example of such terms and of how the author uses them.
(e) Does your author rest his case on certain distinctions? If so, can you make sense of those distinctions? This is especially important in the case of ancient writers, who frequently make distinctions that may make little sense on the face of it. Can you provide a sympathetic interpretation that enables you to make sense of these distinctions?
4. You may also find the “Notes and Questions” at the end of each selection helpful. Indeed, one or two of the questions raised there may provide the germ of your paper.
5. There should be a bibliography, which might include just our course anthology. Citations should be minimal. If all your citations are to our course anthology, those after the first one should be abbreviated—just a page number should suffice.
6. Lastly, the most important determiner of your grade will be the instructor’s sense of the extent to which you yourself became engaged with the reading(s) you chose. In the past, a few students have chosen to write in the first person, perhaps on the model of a journal entry. This is nonstandard for philosophy papers, where one tends to avoid the pronouns “I” and “me”. However, the most important criterion for the instructor will be engagement. If structuring your paper as a sort of journal entry helps you to achieve such engagement, then feel free to do so.
7. Evidence of engagement takes many forms. Failing to proof-read your paper and/or ignoring your spelling checker are not ways to convince the instructor that this project was meaningful to you. You might find the introductory entries “A Brief Guide to Logic and Argumentation” and “Some Guidelines for Writing Philosophy Papers” in RBCHS to be helpful

Homework Market
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Homework Market


Quality Researched Papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.

Homework Market

Qualified Writers

We have hired a team of professional writers experienced in academic and business writing. Most of them are native speakers and PhD holders able to take care of any assignment you need help with.


Unlimited Revision

If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account.


Timely Delivery

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. We will always strive to deliver on time.


Original & Confidential

We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text.


Customer Support 24/7

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Homework Market

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Homework Market

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Homework Market

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Homework Market Writing Services

No need to work on essay at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of essay writing services.

HomeworkMarket HomeworkMrket


Essay Writing Services

No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.

HomeworkMarket HomeworkMarket


Admission Essays

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.

HomeworkMarket HomeworkMarket


Essay Editing

Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.

HomeworkMarket HomeworkMarket

Research Paper

Research Paper

If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied.