The research paper should be approximately 13-15 pages long. This page limit does not include the title page (Title, Name, Course, Date) or Bibliography. You should use the Chicago in-text citation format. A style handout is posted on blackboard. Papers should be proofed for typographical and grammatical errors, sentence fluency and organization. While the structure of each paper will be slightly different, be sure to include the following:
Introduction: in the first couple of pages: Introductory hook, a purpose statement, your research
question(s), methodology and argument. Then tell the reader how you will structure the paper
(provide a roadmap). This is, in essence, the material you have prepared for your proposal.
Background information: Make sure it is relevant to your questions/puzzle.
Case 1: Introduction, empirical evidence presentation, analysis and conclusion. Each case or issue
should have its own analysis section.
Case 2: Same as above
Comparative Analysis Section: This is where you compare the similarities and differences in your cases,
Policy Implications (if desired)
- The two page research proposal is below. The topic of the research paper and the bibliography: Turkey and its land rehabilitation measures, land degradation in affected areas and environmental policy compared to USA.Introduction
Turkey is a land located between the Middle East and Southern Europe and is known as the ecological transition zone. Soil erosion and soil degradation were emerged as controversial concerns because of increase in human population, intense animal production, and numerous other movements in many areas of Turkey. Turkey is facing land degradation in many areas but its environment policy helps to rehabilitate affect areas. The Turkey Green Growth Policy comparative to the United States US soil policy is more effective and helps Turkey to take land rehabilitation measures on affected areas. Archeological studies have revealed that increased human activities affect the native productivity of the land of Turkey. (Yener, 2001) Turkey takes numerous land rehabilitation measures like plantation of trees to maintain the stability of soil, especially in degraded areas. This research study will reveal further rehabilitation measures taken and the affectivity of environmental policy. This research study also explores aspects that make Turkey’s environmental policy effective and working then of the United States. (Ferhat Gökbulak, 2018)
The landscape of Turkey is affected by soil erosion and land degradation because of intensified human activities. The United States also facing land degradation at alarming pace. This problem is same in both countries but efforts to rehabilitate affected areas are different. Policies of land degradation of Turkey is more effective than of the United States. But the policies of both countries state that the country has needs to move for the sustainable use of land and potential environmental policy to rehabilitate land. (ERDOĞAN, 2012
Many areas of Turkey landscape are affected by the landscape that needs rehabilitation services through the implementation of environmental policy. There are many factors of policy that help Turkey to achieve aim of rehabilitation of affected areas by land degradation. For example, Green economy, Structural rigidities, welfare costs of environmental policies and focus on land preservation techniques. While the United States environment policy (Smith, 2015) focuses on environmental quality incentives, conservation stewardship, healthy forest and many more factors that will contribute to moving towards a rehabilitate and green world. This research study focus on the research question that “Is the environmental policy of Turkey is strong enough to rehabilitate the degraded land area of Turkey? And the paper also reveals the fact that “Is the environmental policy of Turkey is effective than the United States to meet with challenges of land degradation?”
In order to contribute to the preservation of land and environment Turkey has been established many environmental policies. From the Turkey environment policy Green economy is one of the most important factors and country is focusing on it because green economy is a double standard factor that focuses on sustainable development as well as country’s growth by avoiding land, air, and water pollution. Over the past many events cause land degradation. The Tenth Development Plan is one of the recent introduced environmental policies. The country is promising to establish vegetative land and other renewable resources. (Morvaridi, 1993)
Structure of the Paper
This research paper will reveal the affected areas of Turkey by degradation. Turkey is putting efforts to rehabilitate areas of land that are degraded due to human activities according to their environmental policy that is more effective than the US soil policy. By using secondary data and conducting literature review of the policies of both Turkey and the United States. The paper will discuss rehabilitation measure of turkey and the United States and evaluate the effectiveness of one that is Like the environmental policy of the United States that promised to move sustainably and to protect world environment, Turkey also introduces the environmental policy that helps them to take rehabilitate measures. (Environmental Policies, 2014)
Works Cited Environmental Policies. (2014). Retrieved from SGI: https://www.sgi-network.org/2017/Turkey/Environmental_Policies ERDOĞAN, R. T. (2012). Turkey’s Sustainable Development Report. Turkey: Ministry of Development, Ankara. Ferhat Gökbulak, H. T. (2018). Causes of land degradation and rehabilitation efforts of rangelands in Turkey. Research Gate. Morvaridi, B. (1993). Environmental Degradation in Eastern Turkey: The Case of Contract Farming. Studies in rural transformation in Turkey, 108-117. Smith, D. W. (2015). U.S. Soil Policy. Deputy Chief for Soil Science and Resource, 1-22. Yener, D. (2001). Importance of Environmental Policy in Turkey for a Sustainable Future. Retrieved from https://www.unaturkey.org/dergiler-bulletins/51-say-15-number-15-spring-2007/149-importance-of-enviromental-policy-in-turkey-for-a-sustainable-future-.html