Briefly define cyber-terrorism

Briefly define cyber-terrorism. Define hacktivism. Illustrate examples of each in current events within the last decade.  Cyber-terrorism  is defined as a computer based attack aimed at disabling vital computer  systems so as to intimidate, coerce, or harm a government or section of  the population. (Cyber-terrorism, n.d).  Examples of this include  introducing a virus to vulnerable networks, website defacing, hacking  into computer systems or terroristic threats made with electronic  communication.  Hacktivism is defined as the practice of gaining  unauthorized access to a computer system and carrying out various  disruptive actions as a means of achieving political or social goals.  (Hacktivism, n.d).  Examples of this include data breaches conducted by  organizations such as WikiLeaks and the internet group Anonymous.

What is the fundamental difference between these two?  Although  both actions involve computers and are usually politically driven, the  difference between the two is cyber-terrorism is used primarily to cause  harm.

How has technology helped to advance these groups?   Technology has helped these groups to gain access to systems or networks  which they probably would not be able to access through legitimate  means.  It has also allowed for the spread of propaganda, the  organization of individuals in far places by providing a common meeting  point in chat rooms or discussion boards located on the Internet, and  the gathering of information and intelligence in preparation for illegal  activities. (Stark, 2011)

How do you think our government’s response to such groups has changed our attitudes towards our own freedoms?   Personally, it is hard for me to say.  On one hand, I can understand  the need for the government to clamp down on the activities of  hacktivists and especially those of cyber-terrorists.  In some cases,  the government has made itself susceptible to these attacks by not  taking all the necessary appropriate measures to secure their systems.   However, that is also not to excuse their ability to cover up their own  forms of cyber-terrorism that has caused harm against its own citizens.

In your opinion, do you think Hacktivism is justified or is  it just a subset of cyber-terrorism? Give some examples to support your  stance.  By definition, Hacktivism is a subset of  cyber-terrorism because they both involve the utilization of computers  in order to gain unauthorized access to a computer system/network and/or  to disrupt said system or network for social, political, or ideological  purposes.  Whether it is WikiLeaks gaining secret documents exposing a  countries government of invading the privacy of their citizens for the  argument of security or the case of Aaron Swartz, the creator of  SecureDrop. (10 Most…, n.d.).  Each instance involved an entity gaining  unauthorized access to a computer system or network through illegal  means.

Cyberterrorism. (n.d.). Retrieved from (Links to an external site.)

Dorothy E. Denning, “Activism, Hacktivism, and Cyberterrorism: The Internet as a Tool for Influencing Foreign Policy”, Global Problem Solving Information Technology and Tools, December 10, 1999,        cyberterrorism-the- (Links to an external site.)internet-as-a-tool-for-influencing-foreign-policy-2/

Hacktivism. (n.d.). Retrieved from (Links to an external site.)

Stanley, N. (2011, September 2). The Technology Behind Cyberterrorism  – Modern technologies, propaganda and improving the resilience of cyber  control systems. Retrieved from

The 10 Most (Potentially) Inspiring Cases of Hacktivism. (n.d.).  Retrieved from

Homework Market
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Work with Us

Homework Market

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.

Homework Market

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

We have a team of professional writers with experience in academic and business writing. Many are native speakers and able to perform any task for which you need help.

Homework Market

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.

Homework Market

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.

Homework Market

Original & Confidential

We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

Homework Market

24/7 Customer Support

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Homework Market

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Homework Market

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Homework Market

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.

Homework Market Homework Market


Essay Writing Service

No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.

Homework Market Homework Market


Admission Essays & Business Writing Help

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.

Homework Market Homework Market


Editing Support

Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.

Homework Market Homework Market


Revision Support

If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.