CHAPTER 11 CASE
Making Star Productsâ€™ Financing/Investment Decision Star Products Company is a growing manufactures of automobile accessories whose stock is actively traded on the over-the-counter market. During 2009, the Dallas-based company experienced sharp increases in both sales and earnings. Because of this recent growth, Melissa Jen, the companyâ€™s treasurer, wants to make sure that available funds are being used to their fullest. Management policy is to maintain the current capital structure proportions of 30% long-term debt, 10% preferred stock, and60% common stock equity for at least the next 3 years. The firm is in the 40% tax bracket.Starâ€™s division and product managers have presented several competing investment opportunities to Jen. However, because funds are limited, choices of which projects to accept must be made. The investment opportunities schedule (IOS) is shown in the below table.Investment Opportunities Schedule (IOS)For Star Products Company Investment Opportunity Internal rate of return (IRR) Initial Investment A. 15% $400,000B. 22% $200,000C. 25% $700,000D. 23% $400,000E. 17% $500,000F. 19% $600,000G. 14% $500,000To estimate the firmâ€™s weighted average cost of capital (WACC), Jen contacted a leading investment banking firm, which provided the financing cost data shown in the following table.
Financing Cost Data Star Products Company Long-term debt: The firm can raise $450,000 of additional debt by selling 15year, $1,000 par value, 9% coupon interest rate bonds that pay annual interest. It expects to net $960 per bond after flotation cost. Any debt in excess of $450,000 will have a before-tax cost, r-d of 13%Preferred stock: Preferred stock, regardless of the amount sold, can be issued with a $70 par value and a 14% annual dividend rate and will net $65 per share after flotation costs.Common stock equity: The firm expects dividends and earnings per share to be$0.96 and $3.20, respectively, in 2010 and to continue to grow at a constant rate of 11%per year. The firmâ€™s stock currently sells for $12 per share. Star expects to have$1,500,000 of retained earnings available in the coming year. Once the retained earnings have been exhausted, the firm can raise additional funds by selling new common stock, netting $9 per share after underpricing the flotation costs.
a. Calculate the cost of each source of financing, as specified:
a. Long-term debt, first $450,000
b. Long-term debt, greater than $450,000
c. Preferred stock, all amounts
d. Common stock equity, first $1,500,000
e. Common stock equity, greater than $1,500,000
Find the break points associated with each source of capital, and use them to specifyeach of the ranges of total new financing over which the firmâ€™s weighted average cost of capital (WACC) remains constant.
Calculate the weighted average cost of capital (WACC) over each of theranges of total next financing specified in part b.
Using the findings in part c along with the investment opportunities schedule(IOS), draw the firmâ€™s weighted marginal cost of capital (WMCC) and IOS on the same set of axes (total new financing or investment on the x axis on weighted average cost and IRR on the y axis)
Which, if any, of the available investments would you recommend that the firm accept? Explain
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